About Rob Fitts



Vintage Japanese Baseball Cards


Banzai Babe Ruth

Wally Yonamine

Remembering Japanese Baseball



Banzai Babe Ruth:

Baseball, Espionage, & Assassination During the 1934 Tour of Japan


Winner of SABR's 2013 Seymour Medal for Best Baseball Book of 2012

2012 Independent Publisher Book Award - Silver Medalist

2012 Casey Award Finalist

University of Nebraska Press




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In November 1934 as the United States and Japan drifted toward war, a team of American League all stars that included Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, future secret agent Moe Berg, and Connie Mack barnstormed across the Land of the Rising Sun.  Hundreds of thousands of fans, many waiving Japanese and American flags, welcomed the team with shouts of “Banzai!  Banzai Babe Ruth!”  The all stars stayed for a month, playing 18 games, spawning professional baseball in Japan, and spreading goodwill.   Politicians on both sides of the Pacific hoped that the amity generated by the tour—and the two nations’ shared love of the game—could help heal their growing political differences.  But the Babe and baseball could not overcome Japan’s growing nationalism, as a bloody coup d’état by young army officers and an assassination attempt by the ultranationalist War Gods Society jeopardized the tour’s success.  A tale of international intrigue, espionage, attempted murder, and—of course—baseball, Banzai Babe Ruth is the first detailed account of the doomed attempt to reconcile the United States and Japan through the 1934 All American baseball tour. 


"Banzai Babe Ruth reads like a multi-stranded mystery novel.  Fitts has an eye for the quirky details that make historical writing vivid."


Michael R. Stevens

Books & Culture


"A fascinating story of international intrigue. ... This is a well-researched, fascinatingly told tale of two super powers whose shared passion for baseball wasn't enough to maintain the peace, though it did help to restore it in the years following World War II."


James Bailey

Baseball America

"This book was tough to put down... I enthusiastically recommend Banzai Babe Ruth."


"How did two nations which shared the values of the same national pastime go
from baseballs to bullets? Historian Rob Fitts tells a dark tale of baseball
caught between democracy and fascism in prewar Japan. Banzai Babe Ruth is a
sayonara home run!"

John Thorn
Official Historian of Major League Baseball and author of Baseball in the
Garden of Eden.

"If I could have taken one road trip with anyone in the history of American
sport, I think I would have traveled with Babe Ruth and the All-American All
Stars on their 18-game tour of Japan in November of 1934. With the drumbeat
growing louder and louder as World War II approached, with the Babe suddenly
at loose ends near the end of his baseball career, with home runs and
innocence dwarfed by political machinations and suspicions, the trip played
out like a B-movie potboiler. Luckily for us, now Robert K. Fitts lets us
come along in 'Banzai Babe Ruth!', his well-written chronicle of all that

Leigh Montville
author of  The Big Bam: The Life and Times of Babe Ruth and  Ted Williams:
The Biography of an American Hero

"An intelligent, well-crafted account of an important period in the history
of U.S.-Japan relations.  Painstakingly researched, rich in color and detail, it goes beyond
baseball, illuminating  the social, economic and political life of a distant
era,  one whose impact can be still felt today.  Fitts's best work and a valuable addition to any baseball (or Japan) lover's library."

Robert Whiting
author of You Gotta Have Wa and the Meaning of Ichiro

"Wonderfully researched and brought to life in lively prose... Fitts, a master at depicting all the key elements in prewar Japanese social and political life, gives the reader valuable insights into the influential moderates trying to hold the line against the army, as well as the American ballplayers taking a victory lap in front of adoring foreign fans....a powerful snapshot of men from two contrasting cultures attempting to stop a slide into aggression." 

Publisher's Weekly


"Fitts presents a magnificent account of the 1934 baseball tour of Japan in Banzai Babe Ruth."

Bleacher Report


Tour Schedule & Results All American Roster All Nippon Roster
Tour Stats Tour Photos Tour Diary